Blogs

4 hours 36 min ago

Charge off“Charge off” is accounting jargon for the formal determination that the creditor is no longer treating its claim against you as an asset.   It permits the creditor to take a “wholly worthless bad debt” deduction on its taxes under Sec. 1244 of the IRC.    It does not mean the creditor has released its claim and it cannot pursue you.  Any payments received after the debt is charged off are treated differently for tax purposes.   And that its claim against the reorganized debtor is not on its balance sheet above the line.
What it does mean is that the creditors still retains the right to collect the full amount of debt and have a variety of options available to them. Depending upon the situation, the creditor may have internal collections staff pursue collection or sell it to an external collector, or the creditor may elect to sue on the entire debt.
Statute of limitations: most debtors do not understand that the creditor has a limited amount of time to collect on the debt.  That time limit is call the “statute of limitations” and differs in each state.  Here is a link to an article on Credit.com listing the statutes by state: Statutes of Limitation on Debt Collection.  WARNING: this list may not be accurate so it is very important you talk with an experienced attorney to determine your rights.

The post Do I Have to Pay a Debt that Was “Charged Off”? appeared first on Diane L. Drain - Phoenix Bankruptcy & Foreclosure Attorney.


7 hours 38 min ago

Sometimes a debtor’s rights in bankruptcy get affected by an overly aggressive Trustee.  The Trustee gets a fee and a percentage of any assets administered.  The debtor is seeking to keep any and all of his assets free and clear from the long arm of the Trustee.  This blog today deals with the personal injury+ Read More
The post Bankruptcy Exemption For Personal Bodily Injury Applies In Illinois appeared first on David M. Siegel.


1 day 7 hours ago

A few weeks ago I wrote an article to warn plaintiff attorneys to be careful to ensure that their clients who have previously filed bankruptcy to ensure that all claims they have against third parties are reported on the bankruptcy schedules.  (Plaintiff’s Attorneys Beware: Your Client’s Bankruptcy Case is About to Sock You Right Between the Eyes)  Well,  . . .  it just happened to a lady in Minnesota. (See Cover v J.C. Penny Corporation, Civ No 15-515, District of Minnesota).
The significant aspect of this case is that the debtor, April Cover, failed to report a discrimination claim on her bankruptcy schedules but she did verbally tell the bankruptcy trustee about the claim.
Not good enough says the Minnesota court.  Actual verbal notice of a claim is not enough.  Audio recordings of the court meeting between the trustee and the debtor disclose that the discrimination claim was reported to the trustee.  There is no question that the debtor disclosed her claim, but without formally amending the bankruptcy schedules a debtor is legally barred from pursuing recovery in subsequent litigation.

The only locations where Cover disclosed her EEOC claim—the audio file of the creditors’ meeting and communications between the trustee and her counsel— are unavailable to creditors. Hence, despite her later, oral disclosure, Cover failed to adequately amend her Petition, and she also failed to keep the trustee apprised of the status of her EEOC charge, or the existence of this action. In the Court’s view, Cover’s positions are clearly inconsistent.”

Given the court’s opinion, actual written notice to the trustee is also probably insufficient to protect a debtor from judicial estoppel in subsequent litigation.  It is not enough to send the trustee a letter to report claims not originally report or new claims occurring during the bankruptcy.  The Minnesota court declares that only formal amendments to the bankruptcy schedules are sufficient to protect a debtor’s claim.
This issue becomes confusing because the trustee, when informed of the claim, probably determined that the claim was exempt from creditor or trustee claims under Minnesota law.  However, even when a trustee is informed of the claim against a third party and elects not to claim it because of exemption laws, the claim must be formally reported on amended schedules to be preserved.
Plaintiff attorneys need to ask the following questions:

  • Has their client filed bankruptcy in the past?
  • Did the injury occur before, during or after the bankruptcy case?
  • If a claim occurred before or during the bankruptcy were the bankruptcy schedules amended?
  • Did the Chapter 7 trustee release his or her claim against the injury claim?
  • Was the PACER computer system checked to see if the client has filed bankruptcy?
  • Have you obtained a full copy of the bankruptcy schedules?
  • Is it too late to amend the bankruptcy schedules to report a missing claim?
  • Was the notice of the claim sufficiently detailed to put the trustee and creditors on notice?

I encourage Nebraska attorneys to contact this office if they have concerns about their client’s bankruptcy case.


1 day 10 hours ago

Bad credit can haunt you for years. It affects everything from your home purchase to your bills to renting an apartment. Some employers even check your report before hiring you. A newly proposed bill aims to improve the system.
California representative Maxine Waters recently introduced the “Comprehensive Consumer Credit Reporting Reform Act,” which calls for some pretty significant changes to credit reporting. Ideally, those changes would protect consumers from incorrect information and outdated debt. The bill would also give the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau authority to monitor credit scoring practices. There are a lot of interesting updates proposed in the bill, including section 401, which “shortens the time period that most adverse credit information stays on consumer reports.” In general, most negative items stay on your report for seven years, but the bill would change that to four.
In addition, the bill aims to make credit reports more accessible to the consumer, give consumers more time before medical debts are added to a report, and make it easier for student debtors to repair their credit. It’s a proposed bill, so there’s obviously no guarantee these changes will be implemented, but you can always contact your local members of Congress and tell them how you feel about it. For more detail, check out the full bill at the link below.

Comprehensive Consumer Credit Reporting Reform Act (PDF) | via Consumerist

Copyright 2016 Kinja.  All rights reserved.


3 days 11 hours ago

On May 18th, James Shenwick delivered a lecture on personal bankruptcy in 2016 to Deliberate Solos.

I.          Introduction
Why do people file for bankruptcy today?●     Credit card debts ●     Business reversals and job loss●     Falling real estate values●     High housing costs ●     Student loans ●     Divorce ●     Medical bills and illness●     Guaranties of debt
II.        Economic Conditions that are driving Personal Bankruptcy Filing●     4.9% unemployment rate●     The effective unemployment rate is 9.7%●     The unemployment rate for recent college graduates is 7.2%●     $935.3 billion of revolving (credit card) debt as of January 2016●     The foreclosure rate is 1.2%●     11.5% of homes are “underwater.”●     Student loans total approximately $1.4 trillion

III.       What can a person with too much debt do?
            A.        Do nothing-“Hope and Pray”B.        Negotiate an “out of court” workout with creditors
Pros: ●     Save the legal fees in filing a bankruptcy petition and the Bankruptcy Court filing fees (usual minor in comparison to the amount of debt a debtor has).●     A workout may be a less “negative factor” on your credit report than filing for bankruptcy (“FICO Score”). However chapter 13 (partial payment of debts) is better on a credit report than chapter 7 (discharge of debts)●     Psychological relief in not filing for bankruptcy and “embarrassment or failure factor.”
Cons:  ●     You negotiate one creditor at a time-what if you can’t reach an agreement with all creditors-do you do the work?●     Who will do the negotiating-the debtor, a CPA or an attorney? (CPAs and attorneys will charge a fee for this work)●     The time and effort of drafting, revising and reviewing a Settlement Agreement, Release, Stipulation of Settlement or Stipulation of Discontinuance of litigation.●     Under § 108 of the Internal Revenue Code, debt relief is considered income and is taxable.  This is “phantom income” (Creditor will have to file a Form 1099R with taxing authorities)
C.        File Bankruptcy-Chapter 7, 11 and 13
IV.       Overview of the three types of personal bankruptcy
A.        Chapter 7-“Liquidation and Fresh Start”-the most common type of personal bankruptcy, this allows debtors to liquidate or discharge most (but not all) of their debts:
What debts are discharged in a Chapter 7 personal bankruptcy?●     Credit card debt●     Personal, business, automobile and real estate loans●     Lines of credit●     Medical bills●     Utility bills●     Personal and “good guy” guaranties-“good guy” guaranties are guaranties created for the leasing of commercial space.●     Chapter 7 bankruptcy will have the most negative impact on credit reports and will lower FICO score (however after receiving a chapter 7 discharge a debtor will be able to rehabilitate their credit and obtain credit ●     Chapter 7 bankruptcy constitutes the vast majority of individual filings, and can be very helpful in dealing with many debtor/creditor problems that individuals have these days (90-95% of our bankruptcy filings are Chapter 7). ●     Chapter 7 bankruptcy provides individuals who qualify to file under this chapter with a “discharge,” which can wipe out a significant amount of an individual’s debt.  ●     Over 819,000 individuals and corporations filed for bankruptcy in 2015.
The Mechanics of a Chapter 7 Bankruptcy Filing●     Hire an attorney, provide data to attorney, bankruptcy petition is prepared, reviewed by client, filed with the Bankruptcy Court and Debtor attends one § 341 meeting with attorney and Bankruptcy Trustee●     The filing fee for a Chapter 7 bankruptcy is $335.
B.        Chapter 13- This type of personal bankruptcy provides for the reorganization of debts of an individual with regular income and allows them to retain real and personal property and business interests. 
●     Generally used by a person who owns assets that would be liquidated in a chapter 7 bankruptcy such as a house with alot of equity, a business or some other type of valuable asset●     Under BAPCPA, individuals must file for Chapter 13 bankruptcy if they earn too much and fail the means test. ●     Corporations may not file Chapter 13 bankruptcy.  Corporations may file Chapter 7 or Chapter 11 bankruptcy.
Chapter 13 bankruptcy is a good solution for individuals with:●     A lot of home equity ●     Expensive cars●     A valuable lease●     A business they want to keep●     If a debtor’s income is greater than the median income for their state and household size, they will have to file a five year plan (rather than a three year plan).●     If a debtor has too much debt under § 109(g) of the Bankruptcy Code (as of April 1, 2016, noncontingent, liquidated, unsecured debts of more than $394,725 and noncontingent, liquidated, secured debts of more than $1,184,200), they do not qualify for Chapter 13.●     Chapter 13 bankruptcy will have an intermediate impact on credit reports and FICO score compared with Chapter 7 bankruptcy and an “out of court” workout.
The Mechanics of a Chapter 13 Bankruptcy Filing●     Hire an attorney, provide data to attorney, bankruptcy petition and Plan is prepared, reviewed by client and filed with the Bankruptcy Court, Debtor attends one § 341 meeting with attorney and Chapter 13 Bankruptcy Trustee and attends hearing on Plan confirmation before the Bankruptcy Judge.●     The filing fee for a Chapter 13 bankruptcy is $310.

C.        Chapter 11- Reorganization (for wealthy individuals or a corporation) or liquidation.  ●     The primary reason that individuals file for Chapter 11 is that they have too much income or assets or they have debts that fall outside the statutory limits for filing a Chapter 13 bankruptcy.●     An individual Chapter 11 is modeled on a chapter 13 bankruptcy but allows  more flexibility to the Debtor●     The filing fee for Chapter 11 is $1,717 and legal fees are in excess of $10,000
V.        “BAPCPA” and Personal Bankruptcy Basics
A.        In 2005, Congress radically revised and amended Chapter 7 personal bankruptcy laws.  These changes include median income and means testing, where if an individual (single, married or with children) has income that exceeds a certain dollar amount, then the bankruptcy filing is considered an abuse of the system and facially they are not permitted to file Chapter 7 bankruptcy. 
B.        Median Income.  The first test under the revised code is whether a debtor exceeds the median income for their family size based on their state of residence. Pursuant to the 2005 amendments, a case where the debtor makes less than the median is presumed to be a non-abusive filing, and a below-median debtor may file for Chapter 7 bankruptcy.
Family size New York State Median Income (effective April 1, 2016) 1 $49,086 2 $62,451 3 $72,074 4 $88,747
●     Add $8,400 for each individual in excess of four.  ●     Median income figures are periodically revised by the Census Bureau.  C.        Means Test-However, all is not lost for a debtor who exceeds his or her state median income threshold.  If an individual’s income exceeds the median income for their respective state and family size, they may still be allowed to file for Chapter 7 bankruptcy if they pass the so-called “Means Test,” i.e. the results show that the bankruptcy filing is not a presumption of abuse under § 707(b)(7) of the Bankruptcy Code.  The Means Test (officially known as Form 22A, “Chapter 7 Statement of Current Monthly Income and Means-Test Calculation”) is one of the most complicated calculations in the law.  It consists of eight pages, and is similar to doing a 1040 tax return for an individual.  The Means Test incorporates the debts that an individual has (both unsecured and secured (i.e. mortgages and car loans), taxes that they owe, and expenses specified by the IRS in its financial analysis standards–food, clothing, household supplies, personal care, out-of-pocket health care and miscellaneous(National Standards); housing and utilities (non-mortgage expenses), housing and utilities (mortgage/rental expense), with adjustments, transportation(vehicle operation/public transportation/transportation ownership or lease expenses)(you are entitled to an expense allowance in this category regardless of whether you pay the expenses of operating a vehicle and regardless of whether you use public transportation) (Local Standards)–as well as many other factors.      It is similar to preparing an “offer in compromise.”
D.        However, with proper planning, most individuals or couples whose income exceeds the median income can still pass the Means Test and will be allowed to file for Chapter 7 bankruptcy, notwithstanding the legislative intent of the changes under BAPCPA, which was to try and minimize the number of individuals who could file for Chapter 7 bankruptcy and force them to either not file for bankruptcy or to file for Chapter 13 bankruptcy.
●     If an individual’s debts are primarily business debts, then the Means Test does not apply. ●     The data that is used to calculate the Means Test is a six-month rolling look backat the debtor’s income and expenses.  Accordingly, if a debtor is self-employed, an independent contractor or a salesperson, they may be able to earn less and therefore pass the Means Test.●     If a debtor is married and living with his or her spouse who is not filing for bankruptcy, the non-filing spouse’s income and expenses must be included in the Means Test.●     Failing the Means Test means that a Chapter 7 filing would be deemed presumptively abusive under § 707(b)(2)(A) of the Bankruptcy Code.  However, a debtor can rebut the presumption of abuse by showing special circumstances.●     Similarly, if a debtor’s after tax income is greater then expenses, the debtor has monies to make some payment to creditors, and a Chapter 7 filing would be presumptively abusive under the “totality of the circumstances” test in §707(b)(3) of the Bankruptcy Code.

VI. Student LoansA.    Student loans, both public and private student loans are non-dischargeable under Bankruptcy Code section 523(a)(8) unless the debtor can qualify for a “hardship discharge”B.     The seminal case in the county on hardship discharge is Brunner v. New York State Higher Education Services Corp., a 2nd Circuit Court of Appeals case which held that in order to qualify for a hardship discharge a debtor must show 1. that they made a good faith effort to repay their student loans (they made some payments before the hardship arose), 2. the hardship will continue during the term of the loan (10 to 15 years) and 3. As a result of the hardship they will not be able to repay the loan and maintain a “minimal” standard of livingC.     This is a difficult standard for debtors. They generally must have a severe physical or mental disability, they will need to hire an expert (doctor or psychologist who will testify at trial) and they will need to commence an adversary proceeding (bankruptcy litigation) at a cost in legal fees and expert witness fees in excess of $10,000.D.    As of late many judges, law professors and lawyers have criticized Brunner, but it is still the lawE.     There have been proposals to allow student loan defaults to be addressed in chapter 13 bankruptcy filings.


4 days 14 hours ago

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As a general rule, you are not responsible for the debts of your spouse. Also, if you marry someone you do not become obligated to pay the debts they incurred prior to the marriage.
But there is one major exception to these rules. You are liable for medical debts of your spouse under a legal theory called the Doctrine of Necessities. The necessities rule is not limited to medical bills. It could apply to utilities, rent, food, clothing and any other necessities, but the most common lawsuit utilizing this legal concept is in the collection of medical debts.

In Nebraska, when you marry someone you also marry their future medical debts.

If your spouse incurs medical debts during the marriage, you are liable for the debt.  Even if the bills only come in the name of your spouse.  Even if you did not sign for the debts.  Even if you did not authorize the treatment. Even if you are separated.  In Nebraska, when you marry someone you also marry their future medical debts.
This doctrine has been accepted in Nebraska courts.

At the common law the husband was liable for the expenses of the last sickness of his wife and for her proper burial as for necessaries furnished the family and . . . he continues to be so primarily liable. Therefore, unless the Legislature has, by statute, expressly relieved him thereof he continues to be so liable.

In re White’s Estate, 150 Neb. 167 (Neb. 1948). Nebraska, like most states, follows the old English common law and husbands are liable for the necessary good and services provided to his family.
But what about wives? Are they liable for their husband’s debts?  
Yes, wives are responsible for the medical debts of their husbands incurred during the marriage.
Nebraska Statute 42-201 provides the rule:
The property, real and personal, which any woman in the state may own at the time of her marriage, rents, issues, profits or proceeds thereof and real, personal or mixed property which shall come to her by descent, devise or the gift of any person except her husband or which she shall acquire by purchase or otherwise shall remain her sole and separate property, notwithstanding her marriage, and shall not be subject to disposal by her husband or liable for his debts; Provided, all property of a married woman, except ninety percent of her wages, not exempt by statute from sale on execution or attachment, regardless of when or how said property has been or may hereafter be acquired, shall be liable for the payment of all debts contracted for necessaries furnished the family of said married woman after execution against the husband for such indebtedness has been returned unsatisfied for want of goods and chattels, lands and tenements whereon to levy and make the same.
The Nebraska statute basically imposes the common law doctrine of necessaries on wives, although it is not a perfect match.
There are differences between the duties and obligations imposed on the husband under the common law as opposed to the duty imposed by Nebraska Statute 42-201. Does that make a difference?
IS THE DOCTRINE OF NECESSITIES CONSTITUTIONAL?
At least two states have declared the Doctrine of Necessities unconstitutional.
In the case of Emmanuel v Mcgriff, the Supreme Court of Alabama struct down the doctrine of necessities as being a violation of the Equal Protection Clause of the US Constitution.
The Supreme Court of Virginia has also struck down the necessities doctrine as a violation of equal protection in the case of Schilling v Bedford City Memorial Hospital.  In that case the court made the following observation:

The [U.S. Supreme] Court has numerous times stated that such a gender-based classification cannot be justified on the basis of “archaic and overbroad” generalizations, “old notions,” and “role typing” which conclude that the wife plays a dependent role, while it is the husband’s primary responsibility to provide for the family. Orr, 440 U.S. at 279-80, 99 S.Ct. at 1111-12; Califano, 430 U.S. at 207, 97 S.Ct. at 1027. “No longer is the female destined solely for the home and the rearing of the family, and only the male for the marketplace and the world of ideas.” Orr, 440 U.S. at 280, 99 S.Ct. at 1112, quoting Stanton v. Stanton, 421 U.S. 7, 14-15, 95 S.Ct. 1373, 1377-1378, 43 L.Ed.2d 688 (1975).
It is apparent the necessaries doctrine has its roots in the same, now outdated, assumptions as to the proper role of males and females in our society. It therefore creates a gender-based classification not substantially related to serving important governmental interests and is unconstitutional.

HARM CAUSED BY DOCTRINE OF NECESSITIES
The original purpose of the necessities doctrine was to help support wives and children by ensuring greater access to medical treatment and other necessities of life.  However, in modern times the doctrine is causing some horrible problems and inequities.
Married couples are sometimes divorcing for the sole reason of protecting a spouse from unbearable medical expenses.  Nicholas Kristof of the New York Times writes a heart-breaking story (Until Medical Bills Do Us Part) of elderly friends who were faced with filing divorce over medical bills.
Does it seem fair that married couples are burdened with each other’s medical debts but unmarried couples do not?  That hardly seems just.
What began as a legal doctrine to provide access to necessities has now become an incentive to terminate or avoid marriage.
Is it time to eliminate an outdated, archaic and potentially harmful necessaries doctrine?
Image courtesy of Flickr and Robert Kintner


6 days 5 hours ago

credit reportDear Experian,
A judgment was filed against me. If a judgment is discharged in your Chapter 7 bankruptcy, can it be removed from your report? – JLB
From The “Ask Experian” team – Dear JLB,
The court judgment will appear as a public record in your credit report and will remain for seven years from the filing date. Any public record item in a credit report would likely be considered very negative and could affect your ability to qualify for a new rental agreement.
If included in bankruptcy, the judgment will be removed when the bankruptcy is discharged. You may want to submit documentation of the bankruptcy filing, discharge, and schedule of debts showing the judgment was included. A Chapter 7 bankruptcy will continue to be reported for 10 years from the filing date, regardless of the discharge date.
Any collection accounts discharged through bankruptcy are updated to show that they were included in the bankruptcy, but will still show the account history for seven years.
Thanks for asking.
The post Will Bankruptcy Remove Judgments From Credit Report? appeared first on Diane L. Drain - Phoenix Bankruptcy & Foreclosure Attorney.


6 days 5 hours ago

Greed - person like fish on hookThe Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) issued a report finding that one-in-five borrowers who take out a single-payment auto title loan have their car or truck seized by their lender for failing to repay their debt. According to the CFPB’s research, more than four-in-five of these loans are renewed the day they are due because borrowers cannot afford to repay them with a single payment. More than two-thirds of auto title loan business comes from borrowers who wind up taking out seven or more consecutive loans and are stuck in debt for most of the year.
“Our study delivers clear evidence of the dangers auto title loans pose for consumers,” said CFPB Director Richard Cordray. “Instead of repaying their loan with a single payment when it is due, most borrowers wind up mired in debt for most of the year. The collateral damage can be especially severe for borrowers who have their car or truck seized, costing them ready access to their job or the doctor’s office.”  Read more..
carnivore feedingA picture of a carnivore feeding on its prey comes to mind when reading the statistics on auto title loans.  Those who can least afford to loose and replace their vehicle are hostage to title loans that roll over time and time again, make the overall loan in excess of the value of the vehicle and/or the allowed limits on interest rates in the state where the borrower lives.
I understand an animal hunting to survive, but I do not understand the greed in the hearts and souls of those lenders who make loans knowing that 80% of the borrowers cannot pay the loan and will have to roll one loan into another.  My hope is there is a special place in the after life for these folks.

The post Auto Title Loans One in Three Default, One in Five Repossessed appeared first on Diane L. Drain - Phoenix Bankruptcy & Foreclosure Attorney.


6 days 11 hours ago

The Reaffirmation Agreement Over 90% of the Chapter 7 debtors that I assist with auto loans choose to keep that auto while filing a Chapter 7 bankruptcy. This is done through the signing of a reaffirmation agreement which is prepared and provided by the auto lender. The agreement is rather lengthy and filled with unnecessary+ Read More
The post Reaffirming On Your Auto Loan Through Chapter 7 appeared first on David M. Siegel.


1 week 8 hours ago

If your wages are being garnished, or you know they will be, filing an Elkhorn Chapter 7 Bankruptcy will most likely stop the wage garnishment. An Elkhorn Chapter 7 Bankruptcy stops most wage garnishments because the moment you file a bankruptcy petition, an automatic stay immediately goes into effect. The bankruptcy laws are designed to protect you, and an automatic stay does just that.
 
What Is An Automatic Stay?
Elkhorn Chapter 7 Bankruptcy stops wage garnishmentsAn automatic stay protects you from creditors. The bankruptcy law requires most creditors to stop all collection activities against you during the automatic stay because your monies, assets, and property are now part of the bankruptcy estate and some portions may be exempt under bankruptcy law. Creditors are not allowed to garnish your wages, attach liens to your property, repossess assets, foreclose on your property, call you, or send you collection letters during the automatic stay.
It is important to note that not all collection activities are subject to the automatic stay. There are certain collection actions that may still proceed during an automatic stay. These may include: criminal actions, child support, certain evictions, certain taxes, court proceedings for traffic violations, domestic violence issues, divorce proceedings, spousal support payments, and paternity law suits.
You also may be given a shortened automatic stay or no automatic stay at all if you have filed multiple bankruptcy petitions in a short period of time. If you filed for Chapter 7, 11, or 13 Bankruptcy during the past year, and the bankruptcy was dismissed, the automatic stay will end in 30 days. However, you can submit a good faith motion to the bankruptcy court to extend the automatic stay. If you had two pending bankruptcy cases in the past year, the automatic stay will not be issued at all. If this is your second bankruptcy within a year, talk to your Elkhorn Chapter 7 Bankruptcy attorney to learn more about filing a motion to extend or initiate your automatic stay.
It is possible for a creditor to ask the bankruptcy court to lift the automatic stay. Creditors who have liens on your property are the creditors most likely to ask the bankruptcy court to remove the automatic stay, although any creditor has the right to ask the bankruptcy court to remove it. The creditor must show good cause for requesting that the automatic stay be lifted.
 
How Do the Appropriate People Know to Stop Garnishing My Wages?
When you complete your Elkhorn Chapter 7 Bankruptcy petition, you will list all of your creditors, along with their addresses. Each creditor that you list will be notified by the bankruptcy court that you have filed for an Elkhorn Chapter 7 Bankruptcy and that an automatic stay is immediately in effect. The creditor must then make every effort to stop all collection activities, including your wage garnishments. Because the court will notify all creditors, you do not have to do anything, but you can always send a copy of your court stamped bankruptcy filing to the creditor garnishing your wages, the sheriff’s office, your payroll department, and any bank processing your wage garnishment.
 
What If My Wages Are Garnished After Filing An Elkhorn Chapter 7 Bankruptcy?
This should never happen, but if it does, notify your Elkhorn Chapter 7 Bankruptcy attorney immediately. The bankruptcy court may penalize creditors who violate the automatic stay and do not return the property or monies seized. You may be rewarded damages and attorney fees if a creditor violates an automatic stay and you win a court hearing against them.
 
If I File an Elkhorn Chapter 7 Bankruptcy, Can I Get Back Wages Garnished Before I Filed?
It may be possible to retrieve wages which were garnished prior to filing an Elkhorn Chapter 7 Bankruptcy. If certain criteria are met, you could be refunded wages garnished within 90 days prior to your bankruptcy filing. Speak with your Elkhorn Chapter 7 Bankruptcy attorney to find out if you meet all criteria and if this is a wise decision for you.
 
Once My Elkhorn Chapter 7 Bankruptcy Case is Finished, What Happens to My Wage Garnishment?
Once your Elkhorn Chapter 7 Bankruptcy case is heard before the bankruptcy trustee and completed, the automatic stay ends. If the debt that was being recovered by means of wage garnishment is wiped out during the bankruptcy proceeding, then the creditor cannot continue to garnish your wages. This will most likely be the case. However, if your bankruptcy case is dismissed or the debt being recovered by means of wage garnishment is not wiped out during the bankruptcy proceeding, then the creditor can continue to garnish your wages.
 
Speak with an Experienced Elkhorn Chapter 7 Bankruptcy Attorney
Wynn at Law, LLC has a 100% bankruptcy success rate. If you are struggling financially and need to stop wage garnishments, an Elkhorn Chapter 7 Bankruptcy may be right for you. Our knowledgeable Elkhorn bankruptcy attorney can discuss with you ways to stop wage garnishment with and without bankruptcy. Contact our Elkhorn bankruptcy attorney to discuss all of your options by calling 262-725-0175 or by visiting our website’s contact page.
 
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*The content and material on this web page is for informational purposes only and does not constitute legal advice.
 

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